Essay Childrens Day

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Children's Day is a day recognised to celebrate children. The day is celebrated on various calendar dates in different countries.


Children's Day was begun on the second Sunday of June in 1856 by Reverend Dr. Charles Leonard, pastor of the Universalist Church of the Redeemer in Chelsea, Massachusetts: Dr. Leonard held a special service dedicated to, and for the children. Dr. Leonard named the day Rose Day, though it was later named Flower Sunday, and then Children's Day.[1][2][3]

Children's Day was first officially declared a national holiday by the Republic of Turkey in 1929 with the set date of 23 April. Children's Day has been celebrated nationally since 1923 with the government and the newspapers of the time declaring it a day for the children. However, it was decided that an official declaration was needed to clarify and justify this celebration and the official declaration was made nationally in 1931 by the founder and the President of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.[4][5][6]

The International Day for Protection of Children is observed in many countries as Children's Day on 1 June since 1950. It was established by the Women's International Democratic Federation on its congress in Moscow (4 November 1949).[citation needed] Major global variants include a Universal Children's Holiday on 20 November, by United Nations recommendation.[7]

Universal Children's Day takes place annually on 20 November.[8] First proclaimed by the United Kingdom in 1954, it was established to encourage all countries to institute a day, firstly to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and secondly to initiate action to benefit and promote the welfare of the world's children.

That is observed to promote the objectives outlined in the Charter and for the welfare of children. On 20 November 1959 the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child.[9] The United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child on 20 November 1989 and can be found on the Council of Europe website.[10]

In 2000, the Millennium Development Goals outlined by world leaders in order to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015. Albeit this applies to all people, the main objective is with regard to children.[9] UNICEF is dedicated to meeting the six of eight goals that apply to the needs of children so that they are all entitled to basic rights written in the 1989 international human rights treaty.[11] UNICEF delivers vaccines, works with policymakers for good health care and education and works exclusively to help children and protect their rights.[11]

In September 2012, the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations led the initiative for the education of children.[12] He firstly wants every child to be able to attend school, a goal by 2015.[12] Secondly, to improve the skill set acquired in these schools.[12] Finally, implementing policies regarding education to promote peace, respect and environmental concern.[12] Universal Children's Day is not just a day to celebrate children for who they are, but to bring awareness to children around the globe that have experienced violence in forms of abuse, exploitation and discrimination. Children are used as labourers in some countries, immersed in armed conflict, living on the streets, suffering by differences be it religion, minority issues, or disabilities.[13] Children feeling the effects of war can be displaced because of the armed conflict and may suffer physical and psychological trauma.[14] The following violations are described in the term "children and armed conflict": recruitment and child soldiers, killing/maiming of children, abduction of children, attacks on schools/hospitals and not allowing humanitarian access to children.[14] Currently there are about 153 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 who are forced into child labour.[15] The International Labour Organization in 1999 adopted the Prohibition and Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour including slavery, child prostitution and child pornography.[15]

A summary of the rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child can be found on the UNICEF website.[16]

Canada co-chaired the World Summit for children in 1990 and in 2002 the United Nations reaffirmed the commitment to complete the agenda of the 1990 World Summit. This added to the UN Secretary-General's report We the Children: End-of Decade review of the follow-up to the World Summit for Children.[17]

The United Nations children's agency released a study[18] referencing the population increase of children will make up 90 per cent of the next billion people.[19]

Dates around the world[edit]

The officially recognized date of Children's Day varies from country to country. This section lists some significant examples, in order of date of observance.

Gregorian calendar
OccurrenceDatesCountries and regions

First Friday of January

Jan 6, 2017

Jan 5, 2018
Jan 4, 2019


11 January


Second Saturday of January

Jan 14, 2017
Jan 13, 2018
Jan 12, 2019


Second Sunday of February

Feb 12, 2017
Feb 11, 2018
Feb 10, 2019

 Cook Islands
 Cayman Islands

13 February


First Sunday of March

March 5, 2017
March 4, 2018
March 3, 2019

 New Zealand

17 March


4 April

 Hong Kong

5 April


12 April


Last Saturday of April[20]

Apr 29, 2017
Apr 28, 2018
Apr 27, 2019


23 April

National Sovereignty and Children's Day


30 April


5 May

15 August

 South Korea

Second Sunday of May

May 14, 2017
May 13, 2018
May 12, 2019

 United Kingdom

10 May


17 May


27 May


Last Sunday of May

May 28, 2017
May 27, 2018
May 26, 2019


Ascension Day

May 25, 2017
May 10, 2018
May 30, 2019

 American Samoa
 Falkland Islands
 Solomon Islands

1 June

 Bosnia and Herzegovina

 People's Republic of China
 Czech Republic
 East Timor



 São Tomé and Príncipe


2 June

 North Korea

Second Sunday of June

Jun 11, 2017
Jun 10, 2018
Jun 9, 2019

 United States

25 June25 Jun 2012

20 Oct 2013

19 Oct 2014

19 Oct 15~17

Syrian Arab Republic

1 July

 Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Third Sunday of July

Jul 16, 2017
Jul 15, 2018
Jul 21, 2019


23 July[21]


29 July


First Sunday of August

Aug 6, 2017
Aug 5, 2018
Aug 4, 2019

 Uruguay[citation needed]

16 August


Third Sunday of August

Aug 20, 2017
Aug 19, 2018
Aug 18, 2019


9 September

 Costa Rica

10 September


Bhadra 29

14 Sept
15 Sept(leap year)


20 September



25 September Netherlands (Oosterhout)

1 October

 El Salvador
 Sri Lanka

First Friday of October

Oct 6, 2017
Oct 5, 2018
Oct 4, 2019


First Wednesday of October (Children’s Day recognition and assignation)
Second Sunday of August (Children’s Day observance)

Oct 4, 2017
Oct 3, 2018
Oct 2, 2019


8 October


12 October


Fourth Saturday of October

Oct 28, 2017
Oct 27, 2018
Oct 26, 2019


Fourth Wednesday of OctoberOct 26, 2016

Oct 25, 2017

 Australia (See:

First Saturday of November

Nov 4, 2017
Nov 3, 2018
Nov 2, 2019

 South Africa

11 November


14 November


20 November

Arab World


Children's Day in Donetsk, Ukraine, 2011

Children’s day in India is celebrated on 14th November on the occasion of our Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru’s birthday. There are lots of things we can talk on Pt. Nehru and his affection towards children. We are here providing detailed information on children’s day in form of essays in simple language. These essays are divided in two categories, Long Essay on Children’s Day and Short Essays on Children’s day that can be much beneficial for all age group of students regarding their school assignment or essay competition.

Short Essay on Children’s Day

In this category, three essays on children’s day are provided with different word limits of 100, 200 and 300 words. Students of classes 4 to 12 can select any of them from here according to their need or requirement.

Children’s Day Essay 1 (100 words)

Children’s Day, the day of celebration of childhood, is celebrated on 14th November every year, as a mark to the birth date of our first Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. Pt. Nehru had huge affection and love in his heart towards the children and children were also very close to Pt. Nehru, and they gave him an endearing title of “Chacha Nehru”. Due to deep love and affection between children and Pt. Nehru, the birth anniversary of him (14th November) was selected as Children’s day, and it is celebrated annually since 1964 after the death of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.


Children’s Day Essay 2 (200 words)

Children’s day is the day, which is completely dedicated to children of our country, who are the future leaders of the nation. The day of children, also referred as “Bal Diwas” is celebrated on 14th November to honour the birth anniversary of our country’s first Prime Minister. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was immensely fond of children and children were also very affectionate by pt. Nehru and they call him with love as “Chacha Nehru” or “Uncle Nehru”. According to Pt. Nehru, children are like the buds in garden and should be grown with lots of love and care. Proper guidance and education should be the most priority for them as they would lead our country in future and can take it to the heights of success.

On Children’s Day, many programs and events are organized at various places in manner to celebrate it with huge enthusiasm like kids are offered toffees and chocolates at schools, arrangement of cultural programs like plays, singing, dancing and fancy dress competition, speech narration on freedom fighters, movies based on children are telecasted on television, distribution of gifts, clothes, toys, stationary and other required items among orphanage children. By making our children happy and feeling secure, we actually celebrate children’s day and remember our “Chacha Nehru”.


Children’s Day Essay 3 (300 words)

Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India was born on 14 November 1889. Since he was a great political figure but his affection towards children makes him another personality with soft heart. Due to his love for children he was assigned with an endearing title of “Chacha Nehru” and his birth date was selected as “children’s day”. According to Pt. Nehru, children are the precious gift by god who should be treated with lots of care and love. They are like wet clay and can be mould in any way. Thus, a proper guidance is must for growing up a child so that he can be a good person and a good citizen of the nation.

We celebrate children’s day on 14 November every year to tribute our India’s first prime mister Pt. Nehru by organizing events and programs in schools, colleges, government organizations and non government organizations. Toffees, chocolates and gifts are distributed among children on this day. Small children dress up like the freedom fighters on this occasion for competing in fancy dress competition. Drawing or paining contest is held at many schools of country on children’s day. I remember when I was at school; a fair was organized with different stalls by students at school. Speech narration, debate contest and quiz competition are often held at different places on this day.

Apart from enjoying on this day, we should not forget that a huge population of our children are still stuck in child labouring, abusing, exploitation, discrimination, etc. We all should do some efforts for the betterment of these needy children. Government and NGOs are doing their best for the welfare of the orphanage children or downtrodden street children by introducing various schemes and laws regarding to provide them proper meal, education or shelter.

Long Essay on Children’s Day

In this category, two essays are provided with word counts of 400 words and 600 words. Students can use any of them according to their need or requirement.


Children’s Day Essay 4 (400 words)


Children’s day means Bal Diwas, is celebrated to give honour and tribute to our respected first prime minister of India, “Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru”. Pt. Nehru was too much fond of children and children also respect and love him a lot. Children gave pt. Nehru a sweet title of “Chacha Nehru”. According to pt. Nehru, children are like buds in a garden and they should be nourished softly and carefully.

About Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was the great political figure who was born in Allahabad on 14th November 1889. His father name was Motilal Nehru, a prominent lawyer and mother was Swaroop Rani, Graduate from “Trinity College, Cambridge”. His image as political leader was emerged under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi while working for congress party. After the independence of India from British Rule, Pt. Nehru was selected as first Prime Minister of country. The world famous books “Glimpses of world history” and “Discovery of India”, written by Jawaharlal Nehru proves him a great writer. During his whole life he was much attracted and attached to children, and always surrounded by them. Due to his passion for children, the birth date of Pt. Nehru was declared to be celebrated as Children’s Day and since the death of Nehru in 1964, the birth anniversary of this great legend is celebrated as children‘s day every year in country.

How do we celebrate Children’s day in India

Children’s day is celebrated with fun and frolic activities for giving a tribute and honour to every child’s favourite “Chacha Nehru”. This day is actually for celebration of childhood, we all have a child in ourselves which comes out on this day and want to enjoy and be happy. Various cultural functions and programs are organized on this day at different places of country for children like debate or quiz contest, drawing competition for small kids, picnics and small distance tours for students, arrangement of small fair at school by students, etc. Orphanage children and children in slums are offered food, clothes, toys and stationary on this occasion.


Today’s children are the citizens of tomorrow and should be nurtured softly and carefully with extra efforts. Children are the future of nation and if a child is not able to get the basic needs and education then how he will be able to contribute in nation’s success. Thus, it is the time to take pledge for our children’s and nation’s future, that we would not allow to increase evils in our country related to child labour, child exploitation and discrimination.


Children’s Day Essay 5 (600 words)


14th November, the birth date of our first Prime Minister of Independent India, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, is declared as “Children’s day” or “Bal Diwas”. We celebrate it in manner to aware people about the welfare of children as they are future of our country. Children were the prime concern for Pt. Nehru, as he was well aware that children have the ability to change the destiny of country and be the major reason of nation’s success.

Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was a great man with quality of statesman, scholar, politician and freedom fighter. These above qualities make him India’s first prime minister after independence. His whole life was dedicated for the sake of country and its future. He was born on 14th November 1889 at Allahabad in the house of Motilal Nehru and Swaroop Rani. For his higher study he went to England and after coming he joined congress party under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi. Throughout the life, Pt. Nehru has done various things for the betterment of children’s future.

Where the idea of children’s day came from

Universally, the children’s day is celebrated on 20th November every year in manner to spread awareness about the rights of children and to promote the welfare of worldwide children. For the first time, children’s day was celebrated in October 1954, later it was change to 20th November for celebrating it, as it was the anniversary date of declaration of “rights of the child” and was signed on the same date in 1989. Since then universal children’s day is celebrated on 20th November every year.

Children’s Day in India

Children’s day in India is celebrated on 14th November to remark the birthday of our first Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. He was the favourite person among children and they call him “Chacha Nehru” with love. Pt. Nehru was also very passionate about children. He was always surrounded by kids in his free time. It was PT. Nehru’s thought that children should be nourished with extra care and love as they are the best creativity of God.

How we celebrate it:

The day of “Bal Diwas” or “Children’s Day” is mainly celebrated in schools and colleges among students and teachers. Generally schools and colleges remain open on this day so that students can enjoy by doing lots of exciting fun activities with the help of their teachers. Cultural programs, quiz and debate contest, drawing competitions, fancy dress and small fest cum exhibitions took place in various schools on children’s day. A small tour or picnic is arranged to celebrate all kids favourite Chacha Nehru’s birthday in various schools at different locations of the country. Movies related to kids and freedom fighters are telecasted on the occasion of children’s day.

Government and non-governmental organizations assure for the welfare of poor children and tries to bring awareness among them in manner to make them understand basic rights of a child. They provide clothes, food, toys, blankets, stationary items and shelter to the needy poor children on the occasion of children’s day in honour to the first Prime Minister, Pt. Nehru.


Though, years have been passed after India’s independence, but still we have not get freedom from the worst crimes of country in terms of “Child Abuse”, “Child Labour”, “Child exploitation” and “discrimination”. In India, children’s day will be truly celebrated that day when we can say that each and every child of our country is living a secure life with full of joy and happiness and getting all the necessary requirements of life such as food, clothe, shelter along with proper education and financial security.

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