Cause And Effect Essays For Esl Students

Cause and effect essays are another common essay type, either as an essay type on its own, or as part of a larger essay which includes one or more paragraphs examining causes and effects. This page gives information on what a cause and effect essay is, how to structure this type of essay, how to use cause and effect structure words (transition signals) for this type of essay. There is also an example cause and effect essay on the topic of women at work.


What are cause & effect essays?

A cause and effect essay looks at the reasons (or causes) for something, then discusses the results (or effects). For this reason, cause and effect essays are sometimes referred to as reason and result essays. They are one of the most common forms of organisation in academic writing. Sometimes the whole essay will be cause and effect, though sometimes this may be only part of the whole essay. It is also possible, especially for short exam essays, that only the causes or the effects, not both, are discussed. See the examples below.


Structure

There are two main ways to structure a cause & effect essay. These are similar to the ways to structure problem-solution essays, namely using a block or a chain structure. For the block structure, all of the causes are listed first, and all of the effects are listed afterwards. For the chain structure, each cause is followed immediately by the effect. Usually that effect will then be the cause of the next effect, which is why this structure is called 'chain'. Both types of structure have their merits. The former is generally clearer, especially for shorter essays, while the latter ensures that any effects you present relate directly to the causes you have given.


The two types of structure, block and chain, are shown in the diagram below.


Block

Introduction

Transition sentence/paragraph

Conclusion



Chain

Introduction

Cause 1
&
Effect of Cause 1

Cause 2
&
Effect of Cause 2

Cause 3
&
Effect of Cause 3

Conclusion


Cause and Effect Structure Words

Cause and effect structure words are transition signals which show the cause and effect relationships. It is important to be clear which is the cause (or reason) and which is the effect (or result), and to use the correct transition word or phrase. Remember that a cause happens first, and the effect happens later.


Below are some common cause and effect structure words. X is used to indicate a cause, while Y is used to indicate the effect.




Example essay

Below is a cause and effect essay. This essay uses the block structure. Click on the different areas (in the shaded boxes to the right) to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i.e. Causes, Effects, and structure words. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary, as these repeat the causes and effects contained in the main body.


Title: More and more women are now going out to work and some women are now the major salary earner in the family. What are the causes of this, and what effect is this having on families and society?


Causes

 

Effects

  

1

2

3

   

Cause transitions

 

Effect transitions

In the past, most women stayed at home to take care of domestic chores such as cooking or cleaning. Women's liberation and feminismhave meant that this situation has been transformed and in contemporary society women are playing an almost equal role to men in terms of work. This has had significant consequences, both in terms of the family, for example by improving quality of life and increasing children's sense of independence, and also for society itself with greater gender equality.

The main reasons behind the increase of women in the workplace are women's liberation and feminism. The women's liberation movement originated in the 1960s and was popularised by authors such as Simone de Beauvoir. As a consequence of this, new legislation emerged, granting women equal rights to men in many fields, in particular employment. Because of feminist ideas, men have taken up roles which were previously seen as being for women only, most importantly those related to child rearing. As a result of this, women have more time to pursue their own careers and interests.

These have led to some significant effects, both to family life and to society as a whole.

Although the earning capacity of a woman in her lifetime is generally much less than that of a man, she can nevertheless make a significant contribution to the family income. The most important consequence of this is an improved quality of life. By helping to maintain a steady income for the family, the pressure on the husband is considerably reduced, hence improving both the husband's and the wife's emotional wellbeing. Additionally, the purchasing power of the family will also be raised. This means that the family can afford more luxuries such as foreign travel and a family car.

A further effect on the family is the promotion of independence in the children. Some might argue that having both parents working might be damaging to the children because of a lack of parental attention. However, such children have to learn to look after themselves at an earlier age, and their parents often rely on them to help with the housework. This therefore teaches them important life skills.

As regards society, the most significant impact of women going to work is greater gender equality. There are an increasing number of women who are becoming politicians, lawyers, and even CEOs and company managers. This in turn has led to greater equality for women in all areas of life, not just employment. For example, women today have much stronger legal rights to protect themselves against domestic violence and sexual discrimination in the workplace.

In conclusion, the increasing number of women at work has brought about some important changes to family life, including improved quality of life and increased independence for children, as well as affecting society itself. It is clear that the sexes are still a long way from being equal in all areas of life, however, and perhaps the challenge for the present century is to ensure that this takes place.

Causes

 

Effects

1

2

3

 

Cause transitions

 

Effect transitions



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Checklist

Below is a checklist for the main body of an essay. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer (another student) to help you.






  • connor 2 weeks ago

    I love this site

  • unknow 2 weeks ago

    this will definitely will help me review for the act test

  • no one 2 weeks ago

    its cool

  • Unknown 2 weeks ago

    this helped my English class (6th grade) thanks Mrs.Wilborn!!

  • Unknown 7 weeks ago

    This seriously helped me with my essay/speech ideas!

    Thanks so much Letter Pile!

  • mn_heydari5038 2 months ago

    these topics are very fantastic. they helped me to write a great essay and, so these topics make writers to write a good essay more about cause and effect

  • Robbert Dillard 2 months ago

    This is very useful, I learned lots.

  • Jimmy 2 months ago

    Thanks this helped

  • Abbie 4 months ago

    This was extremely helpful! Thank you so much!!

  • Ashley 4 months ago

    Thanks for the great ideas to point me in the right direction for my next essay!

  • Lil 5 months ago

    This was great for me because I had to write an essay about some kind of topic with a cause and an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You!

  • Virginia Kearney 9 months agofrom United States

    Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you. I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. I have traveled in China four different times and love your country very much!

  • Sophia 9 months ago

    I am a Chinese student and I think your sharing did help me a lot. Thank you !

  • domonique 12 months ago

    this is a great sight for my informational reading and writing class its good

  • Hooriya 12 months ago

    Hi thanks for helping me

  • deeksha 17 months ago

    these topics are really good.. i used some of these topics for my projects and got great marks.. i got A+ in all my projects , i am in 7th grade....

  • Sourav Rana 23 months ago

    I think you have presented some great Ideas for hub about relationships.

  • Hugh Johnson 24 months ago

    These topics had a BIG impact on my life. Thanks for your LARGE ammount of tips.

  • John 24 months ago

    These topics really helped me for school

  • Ruby 24 months agofrom United States

    Creative idea for a hub, what was your case and effect for making it lol

  • BOB 2 years ago

    WOW this is super great to look up stuff for an assignment.

  • Joe 2 years ago

    Awesome topics thanks a million

  • Dwight Goliday Jr 2 years agofrom East Saint Louis

    Wow. There are a lot things that cause and effect. Very informative write.

  • Virginia Kearney 2 years agofrom United States

    Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. My students have come up with most of these topics through the years and now this is my most visited article so they must have done a good job! I think it got over 2000 views one day last week!

  • YoLex 2 years ago

    This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work!

  • Zakeycia Dickens 2 years ago

    I have a cause and effect essay to type for my English class. I was having a hard time coming up with a topic. Your website and topic suggestions were very helpful. Thank you.

  • Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago

    Thanks. Great topics.

  • James Packard 3 years agofrom Columbia, Missouri

    What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and behavioural) are great hub topics. They are good to write about to do research and clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and also spark very needed discussion. Thanks for sharing.

  • Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 3 years agofrom New York, NY

    I love this one, VirginiaLynne. Your hubs are so valuable to students and professional writers. Cause and effect papers are among the most interesting to read.

    I voted this hub "up," "useful," and "interesting." I am bookmarking this hub for future reference. I know I'll be using it! Keep up the excellent work here.

  • Marilyn L Davis 3 years agofrom Georgia

    Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for all categories. Well done. ~Marilyn

  • Virginia Kearney 3 years agofrom United States

    Here is another place to look for topic ideas: https://owlcation.com/humanities/Causal-Analysis-E...

  • Virginia Kearney 3 years agofrom United States

    Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. Affect also means "to produce an effect upon" as well as "to influence." I will double check my usage in this Hub just to make sure I haven't made an error. Thanks!

  • Gertrude McFuzz 3 years ago

    These are great topics. I just have one comment. Sometimes you use "effect" when you should use "affect."

    affect = influence - usually a verb

    effect= result - usually a noun

    effect= cause - not used that often - verb

  • Shamim Rajabali 3 years agofrom Texas

    This will come in handy for my English class. Thanks.

  • ANCY 3 years ago

    I Love it very much

  • rakesh ranjana 3 years ago

    Social causes are growing up in lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in many ways for people to understand there relationship and social problems

  • MariaBrown 4 years ago

    Great hub! I like your ideas, it is something different & innovative. Vote up!

  • DjeLke 4 years ago

    Thanks! This is helpful.... Vote up.

  • Virginia Kearney 4 years agofrom United States

    Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is used by most American colleges in their English departments. However, you are very right to point out that APA and Chicago and other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on where you view the start of the situation. Often a cause creates an effect, which causes another situation. Sometimes it is hard to pull them apart. That is why I usually like to call this a "speculating about causes" essay, because we can't always definitively determine the absolute cause, but we can always speculate and argue for the most important causes, or the most important effects that we see in a situation.

  • Sumner Swett 4 years agofrom Owls Head Maine

    Okay so cause and effect essays are written in different formats, but let me say in my college profession for the essays to be written were to be in APA format, and it is interesting when researching and writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance. I like to research topics before writing and also note taking is effective. The cause is what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to take into consideration to the cause as we all know it.

  • Kimberly Lake 4 years agofrom California

    Great topics! Voted up and shared.

  • Virginia Kearney 4 years agofrom United States

    Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of that labeling can be positive and other aspects are negative. It can encourage students to believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by making them think that they don't need to work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on everything, they have failed.

  • Seth Tomko 4 years agofrom Macon, GA

    A good and diverse collection of topics. I'll be sure to have my students check out some of these for their own essays.

  • Annie Miller 4 years agofrom Wichita Falls, Texas

    Very interesting and in depth Hub. I am passing this along and saving it, as well!

  • Chris Achilleos 4 years ago

    Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent. Thank you for sharing. Voted up and useful!

    Chris Achilleos

  • Virginia Kearney 4 years agofrom United States

    Thanks so much Carol! You are always an encouragement.

  • carol stanley 4 years agofrom Arizona

    This is something to save when trying to come up with new writing ideas. Great hub...Going to pass this along and of course vote up.

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