Cloning is Unethical
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In recent years our world has undergone many changes and advancements, cloning is a primary example of this new modernism. On July 5th, 1995, Dolly, the first cloned animal, was created. She was cloned from a six-year-old sheep, making her cells genetically six years old at her creation. However, scientists were amazed to see Dolly live for another six years, until she died early 2005 from a common lung disease found in sheep. This discovery sparked a curiosity for cloning all over the world, however, mankind must answer a question, should cloning be allowed? To answer this question some issues need to be explored. Is cloning morally correct, is it a reliable way to produce life, and should human experimentation be allowed?
Scientists have no problem with the ethical issues cloning poses, as they claim the technological benefits of cloning clearly outweigh the possible social consequences, not to mention, help people with deadly diseases to find a cure. Jennifer Chan, a junior at the New York City Lab School, said, "?cloning body organs will help save many patients' lives," she said. "I think that cloning is an amazing medical breakthrough, and the process could stop at cloning organs--if we're accountable, it doesn't have to go any further." This argument seems to be an ethical presentation of the purpose of cloning. However, most, if not all scientists agree that human cloning won?t stop there. While cloning organs may seem ethical, cloning a human is dangerous. Still, scientists argue that the intentions of cloning are ethical. On the other hand, there are many who disagree with those claims. According to those from a religious standpoint, it is playing God, therefore, should be avoided. From a scientific standpoint it is also very dangerous, as scientists are playing with human cells which, if done wrong, can lead to genetic mutations that can either become fatal to the clone, or cause it severe disabilities. This information does, in fact, question the moral of the issue. If cloning is unsafe and harmful, what is the point?
Another argument pertains to the reliability of cloning. Cloning experts have claimed it is, in fact, an effective procedure. Scientists have admitted it is risky, but also have argued that with time, and more experimentation, cloning will become extremely reliable and effective. However, facts are not as supportive towards this claim as scientists may want. Currently only 3 out of 71 cloning eggs have lived, and only 1 out of 278 fully developed clones have survived from those eggs.
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The percentage of creating a fully functional clone from a living cloned egg is less than 1%, not to mention that 30% to 50% of those living clones are created with genetic mutations that are harmful to the clone?s health and in many instances, are fatal. Some argue it is worth the effort and the consequences. To support this claim, most scientists who produce faulty clones claim that they die before they are even technically alive. However, this claim is heavily debated. Overall, cloning is lacking the data to support it effectiveness and it remains a risky procedure.
Another debated issue within cloning is human experimentation. Since the effectiveness rate of cloning is so low it has not yet been preformed. Given that cloning experts have no problem taking an animal?s life into their hands, they must ask themselves if is it safe to do the same with a human. According to Dr. Severino Aninori, ?human cloning allows man to fashion his own essential nature and turn chance into choice. For cloning's advocates, this is an opportunity to remake mankind in an image of health, prosperity, and nobility, it is the ultimate expression of man's unlimited potential." Most people from a conservative standpoint would argue that since life is valuable, it should not be taken into the hands of mankind. According to one Ontario Consultant, "?scientists who envision medical breakthroughs using stem cells from human embryos are now moving on to human cloning -- breeding people for the purpose of harvesting their tissues and organs from their bodies, then disposing of them." Basically, scientists who attempt to clone humans are, whether intending to or not, killing human beings, which is murder.
Scientists have attempted to create a world where clones can walk among us, however they have caused more harm than good. They have caused unnecessary deaths for the sheer sake of science, and thus, have portrayed how unethical cloning is. They have destroyed over 99.9% of the lives they have tried to create, and thus, have shown cloning cannot be reliable. They have squandered and wasted the lives of the animals in which they have experimented on, and thus, have revealed that human experimentation would not only be unreliable but also murder. Why should cloning be allowed when it only results in death?
Is Human Cloning Ethical? Essay
Is Human Cloning Ethical?Human cloning is a very controversial topic since it affects the moral values of human beings and other living things alike. In 1997, scientists announced the birth of the first cloned sheep, which they named Dolly. This signaled the future of cloning possibilities. Scientists began extensive experiments on cloning and, since then, they have cloned both plants and animals successfully (Williams, Johnson 3). The next step was to clone actual human beings; but before experiments could have been carried out pressure started to build on the scientists because people started to doubt if cloning was ethical and morally correct. Governments began to introduce bans and constraints on cloning, as they felt cloning was not correct, and because they had to represent the people of its country, it had to act on it. Surveys showed that the majority of people opposed human cloning because of the great likelihood of abuse. The real problem is whenever man has shown master over man, it has always meant the enslavement of man, Rabbi Moshe Tendler stated. It is perhaps for this reason that President Clinton and many other nations have outlawed government spending on human cloning (Simmons 4). Cloning has its pros but its cons seem to overcome them greatly. Human cloning is unethical and should not be legalized for many reasons. For one, cloning is expensive and there is only a slim chance of success. Secondly, human cloning would lead to emotional and psychological trauma for the cloned child, who would soon find out that he is just a replica of someone else. Finally, if human cloning is ever legalized and allowed to occur, it will ultimately sharply reduce genetic variability and the whole population will genetically all become the same (Lamb 1-3).
First of all, cloning is very expensive and, furthermore, there is a slim chance that it will work. In 1997, Dr. Ian Wilmut revealed to the world that he had cloned the first sheep which was named Dolly. Dolly, who soon became the worlds best known sheep, was cloned at Roslin, near Edinburgh (Rose 1). At this time, excitement grew into the desire to create human life (Simmons 1). Organ regeneration, advanced cosmetics, and the chance to have children were promised by scientists. After all, modern science created a sheep. Why can't it create a human? Well one reason is because it would take about 300 tries to produce a healthy baby. This is something the scientists did not clearly mention. What most people don't know is that Dolly was not the first. Ten of the 300 sheep were dead, five had deformities, and one could do nothing but pant (Williams, Johnson 3). It was destroyed because of the pain it was suffering. All of the rest of the attempted clones simply did not develop. How many times are we going to try to create a human? How many mentally handicapped and deformed babies will we bring...
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